An overview of Diabetes Mellitus. (Part 1)
Do you love your meals and sweet treats? Do you crave that burst of energy after a snack?
Well, your body sure does!
Your cells are working non-stop to give you the best outcome there is. But to do that, they need fuel. Think of each cell as a car that needs gas in order to run. For our cells, this gas is glucose. Glucose is a simple carbohydrate, also called simple sugar, which is used by our cells as the basic currency for energy production. Now try to imagine the amount of glucose needed to fuel the 100 000 Billion cells in an average human body.
That entire amount comes from the breakdown of the food we ingest. Notably from high carbohydrate foods such as: Vegetables, beans, whole grain, nuts, yogurt, bread & potato products, flours and sugary treats/drinks.
Glucose is unable to enter the cells on its own, it needs Insulin. Insulin is a protein hormone secreted by the pancreas in our bodies and it functions as an usher for glucose. It guides glucose to cells and helps it enter the cell in question.
What happens if these cells are unable to receive their fuel?
Since glucose is unable to enter the cells, it will remain waiting in the bloodstream. Thus, the blood glucose levels will rise abnormally and derange the stable environment within blood vessels, causing serious health problems. This chronic condition is Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Mellitus can be caused by multiple factors, hence, diabetes is divided into subtypes: Type I diabetes and Type II diabetes.